Due to the variety, texture, and performance of collectibles, the requirements for their preservation are different. Collectors can take necessary measures to properly store and maintain their collectibles based on their living conditions and the performance of their items.
In order to keep the collectibles in good condition for a long time, suitable temperature and humidity are essential. Generally, a temperature of 15-18°C and a relative humidity of 40%-50% are suitable for all types of items. When the temperature is too high, ice cubes can be placed to cool it down; when the temperature is too low, heating facilities can be used indoors. When the humidity is too high, dehumidification measures can be taken; when the humidity is too low, water can be sprinkled indoors or sawdust or paper soaked in water can be placed. If conditions permit, a humidity storage cabinet can also be used to change the indoor humidity. Temperature and humidity gauges can be placed indoors to monitor and take necessary measures based on changes in temperature and humidity. In addition, be sure to prevent moisture-proof cabinets from being placed close to the ground or walls, and they should be placed at an appropriate height or with a certain distance from the wall. Also, check regularly for signs of dampness on the back of paintings, tapestries, etc. hanging on the wall.
Air pollution in modern society is very serious. When the air contains trace amounts of odor, it can cause oxidation of metals such as copper, iron, and aluminum, causing fading or discoloration of dyes, fabrics, papers, and color paintings. Many harmful gases, such as hydrogen sulfide (with a foul odor) emitted by coal, decaying food, and toilets, are harmful to silverware, copperware, and aluminumware. Oxidation can cause dyes to fade to colorless, and has a destructive effect on fabrics, papers, leather, etc., and causes metal corrosion. Airplanes, cars, chimneys, coal stoves, and other sources can emit large amounts of carbon dioxide. The air also often contains extremely fine hard particles, which combine with moisture and settle on objects, making them vulnerable to microbial infestation by bacteria and mold, particularly on organic matter collectibles.
To prevent the impact of harmful gases and dust on collectibles, items should be placed in areas with relatively fresh air, and minimize possible damage caused by coal smoke and fecal odors. The moisture-proof cabinet should be kept clean, and dust should be regularly removed with a slightly damp cloth. Regular cleaning of the house with a vacuum cleaner is recommended, and collectibles can be enclosed by glass or boxes. If possible, air purification devices should also be used.
The best way to prevent mold growth is natural ventilation and to eliminate the mold-related environment inside the room. If mold is found on objects, they should be disinfected. Disinfectants such as camphor or phenol can be made into sterilization solutions for spray use. For pest infestations, solid insecticides such as potassium permanganate can be used. Active participation in rodent and fly elimination activities is also advisable. The moisture-proof cabinet can also partially prevent mold and pest infestations.
Ultraviolet and infrared rays in natural light can make objects brittle and fragile, and visible light can damage colors, which can be destructive to collectibles. Therefore, collectibles should avoid direct sunlight. Moisture-proof cabinets should be equipped with blinds or glass to reduce the impact of ultraviolet rays on collectibles.